Uccaihs'ravâ: a horse, born from the nectar originating from the churning of the ocean, and is considered a representative of Krishna (see 8.8: 3 and 11.16: 18).

Udâna-vâyu: the air in the body going upward and controlled by the breathing technique of ashthânga-yoga (see vâyu).

Uddhava: (sacrificial fire, a festival, holiday; joy, pleasure), the name of Krishna's best friend and cousin. Krishna talks extensively to him at the end of His earthly presence in Canto 11. In the tenth Canto chapters 46 & 47 he mediates between Krishna and the gopis.

- S'rî Hari-vams'a states that Uddhava is the son of Vasudeva's brother Devabhâga. Thus he is Lord Krishna's cousin-brother.

- Krishna calls him a disciple of Brihaspati (11.23: 2).

Uddhava Gîtâ: the chapters seven to twenty-nine of the eleventh Canto that make up an alternative Gîtâ wherein Krishna explains how to live His love in His absence.

Udgâtâ: the priest singing the Sâma-veda hymns (see also ritvik).

Ugra-karma: bad, harmful action (see also karma).

Ugrasena: also called Âhuka, 'the one of sacrifice'. The old king of the Yadus, imprisoned by his own son Kamsa and freed by Krishna. Ugrasena's daughters Kamsâ, Kamsavatî, Kankâ, S'ûrabhû and Râshthrapâlikâ were the wives of the younger brothers of Vasudeva the father of Krishna (9.24: 21-23, see also Sâtvatas).

Umâ: (splendor, light; fame, reputation; quiet, tranquility; night). Goddess, one of the eleven wives of S'iva (see 3.12: 13) also called Pârvatî and Durgâ; the name is said to be derived from umâ!, "O don't", the exclamation addressed to Pârvatî by her mother not to practice austerities.

- Name of several women.

Universe: (jagat);

1) The entire material creation, consisting of countless of universes.

2) Galaxy.

3) A closed sphere with seven material covers, layers or sheaths, in which one finds fourteen planetary systems, whom each consist of countless planets (see also dvîpa and loka).

4) The Living Being.

Upa-: prefix for verbs and nouns expressing: to go near, undergo, approaching; by the side of, with, together with, under, down; direction towards, nearness, or in other words: a contiguity in space, time, number, degree, resemblance, and relationship, with the idea of subordination and inferiority, like the finger next to the little finger would be 'upa' (see also upapurâna and upadeva).

Upâdâna: the material cause, the ingredients; the Lord is the exhibitor of all material causes (6.9: 42).

Upâdânakârana: (logic of) the material cause (see also nimitta).

Upadeva: an inferior or secondary deity like a Yaksha, Gandharva, Apsara, Vidyâdhara and such.

Upa-dharma: moralizing without love for the truth relating to Krishna (sathya-dharma). Subreligious activity without real servitude.

- The dharma concocted into something else (see 7.15: 12-14).

Upahanyâm: the peace broken (destroyed) by unwanted people.

Upanishads: the underlying mystery, the secret doctrine. Philosophical part of the Vedas, a hundred-eight in number (see also Veda) meant to comprehend the personal nature of the Absolute Truth. In the Bhâgavatam they are summarized in 10.87.

Upa-purâna, secondary or minor, a smaller collection of classical stories. Also counted in eighteen as listed in the Kûrma-purâna: 1. Sânatkumâra, 2. Nârasimha (fr. Nrisimha) 3. Bhâmda, 4. S'iva-dharma, 5. Daurvâsasa, 6. Nâradîya, 7. Kâpila, 8. Vâmana, 9. Aus'anasa, 10. Brahmânda, 11. Vâruna, 12. Kâlikâ-purâna, 13. Mâhes'vara, 14. Sâmba, 15. Saura, 16. Pârâs'ara, 17. Mârîca, 18. Bhârgava (see Purâna).

Upâsana: (serving, service, attendance, waiting upon, respect; homage, adoration, worship) Worship.

- With Râmânuja, consisting of five parts, viz.

Abhigamana or approach,
Upâdâna or preparation of offering,
Ijyâ or oblation,
Svâdhyâya or recitation,
Yoga or devotion.

Upâsana-kânda: the part of the Vedas dealing with devotional service (see also under Vedas).

Upavedas: 'secondary Vedas.' A class of texts on sacred sciences, composed by rishis over the course of time to amplify and apply the vedic knowledge. The four prominent upavedas (each encompassing numerous texts) are:

1 Arthaveda (statecraft),
2 Âyurveda (health),
3 Dhanurveda (military science) and
4 Gandharvaveda (music and the arts).

Also sometimes classed as upavedas are the:

5 Sthapatyaveda (on architecture) and the
6 Kâma s'astras (texts on erotic love). (
source: Hindu dictionary).

Upendra: Another name of Lord Vâmana the son of Aditi and Kas'yapa (8.18).

-Lit.: 'The younger brother of Lord Indra.'

- The name of an expansion of the Lord: 'Two sons took birth from the womb of Marutvatî: Marutvân and Jayanta. Jayanta, who is an expansion of Lord Vâsudeva, is known as Upendra' (S.B. 6.6: 8).

Uragas: 'breast-going', the 'semi-divine snakes or serpents', a term used for people of excell.

Ûrdhva-retah: someone whose seed 'streams upwards', internal drive by sexual abstinence. With the Kumâras (the four sons of Brahmâ who kept the child-form) leading to four principles of knowledge: sankhya (analysis), tapas (penance), vairaghya (detachment) and yoga (see 11.17: 25).

Urugâya ('sung by many'): the Lord as the carrier of the conchshell.

Urukrama: (great order, course, arrangement) the Lord with the long strides, Vâmanadeva, also called the 'great adventurer' or the performer of transcendental feats (see also Upendra).

Urvas'î: heavenly society girl that married King Purûravâ; she was cursed by Mitra en Varuna who in her presence deposited their seed in a clay pot and from that seed were born the sages Âgastya and Vasishthha. (6.18: 6) Her six sons with Purûravâ were: Âyu, S'rutâyu, Satyâyu, Raya, Vijaya en Jaya (9.15:1).

Us'anâ: another name of S'ukrâcarya or Kavi Bhârgava, the spiritual master of the asuras. Krishna calls Himself as such the One among the great thinkers (B.G. 10: 37).

- He is also called Râma.

Uttama: (supreme, utter) devotion on the highest level: to recognize Krishna in each and all (see 11.2: 45 and also mahâ-bhâgavata).

Uttamas'loka: name of the Lord Praised in the Verses.

Uttânapâda: the son of Svâyambhuva Manu and the father of Dhruva Mahârâja.

Uttarâ: mother of Parîkchit and wife of Abhimanyu, the son born from the marriage between Subhadrâ, Krishna's sister, and Arjuna. In 1.8: 9 she requested Krishna to protect her and her unborn child, Parîkchit , from the scorching rays of the brahmâstra weapon launched by As'vatthâmâ (see also S.B. 1.7 & 8).  

Uttara-mimâmsa: the Vedântic philosophy, see also mimâmsa and darshana.

Ûshâ: 'dawn', daughter of Bâna who met Aniruddha in a dream and had Him brought to her palace after which He then was arrested (see 10.62).



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