Hâsya: humor, making fun as an indirect rasa.

 Haihaya; or Kârtavîryârjuna, the haughty king of the Haihayas and worshiper of Dattâtreya: A Yadu descendent known for the fall he made from his position as a king, enviously stealing the cow of Jamadagni-muni (S.B. 9.15: 25).

- Of Yadu there were the four sons celebrated as Sahasrajit, Kroshthâ, Nala and Ripu, and from them had S'atajit, born from the first of them, as his sons then Mahâhaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya. Dharma then became Haihaya's son (S.B. 9.8: 5-6).

- Word for ruffian (S.B. 9.8: 5-6).

- Name of a race that is said to have been descendants of Yadu; they are described in the Purânas as separated into five divisions, viz. the Tâlajanghas, Vîti-hotras, Âvantyas, Tundikeras, and Jâtas; they are said to have overrun parts of India along with the S'akas or Scythian tribes.

Hamsa: Krishna in the form of the transcendental swan giving counsel to lord Brahmâ being unable to reach the truth when he was questioned by the kumâra s on how to break away from the relation between the mind and the senseobjects (see S.B. 11.13).

- The swan as a spiritual model of discrimination for its ability to separate milk from water with its beak (see also paramahamsa).

- The name of the people in satya-yuga being of one vocation (see S.B. 11.17: 10).

Haladhara: name of Balarâma, the Lord as the wielder of the plough, Sankarshana.

Halâhala: poison produced at the churning of the ocean and swallowed by S'iva which caused the blueness of his neck (see S.B. 8.7 and kalâkûtha).

Halâyudha: 'de weilder of the plow', name for Balarâma, mentioned in S.B. 10.79: 16-17 (see also Sankarshana).

Hanumân: monkey-god who led Lord Râma's  vanâras (ape-like forest dwellers) in the battle against the demon Râvana. He is carried in the banner of Arjuna as a sign of victory (see also the prayer of Hanumân S.B. Canto 5.19, and the S.B. Râma -chapters: 9: 10 & 11).

Hare: the energy of, the love of, of the Lord.

Hare Krishna ('of Lord Krishna'): popular name for the movement of the caitanya-vaishnavas of Swami Prabhupâda, the vishnu-monks from the Bengal mission of Krishna-Caitanya, who as a bhakti vedanta bhâgavata, or âcârya, or paramparâ guru, took indian vedântic vaishnavism to the West and founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness ISKCON. Though sectarian in their appearance of fanatic adherence to their guru, they represent a regular tradition of vishnu -worship that indeed is of a strong culture of respect for the spiritual teachers. The name is derived from their practicing the mahâmantra, the great mantra of liberation, together practiced in the streets or alone on the rosary, the Japa-mâlâ.

Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare / Hare Râma, Hare Râma, Râma Râma, Hare Hare: the mahâ-mantra or great saying of liberation. Krishna and Râma are names of the Lord and with Hare one addresses the inner energy of the Lord. The singing of these names is especially recommended for this time (listen also to the mahâmantra  bhajan).

Harâ - see: Râdhârânî.

Hari: often simply translated as the Lord, the Supreme Personality, name for Krishna as the One removing all the inauspicious of sin and evil.

Hari-bhactivilâsa: Sanâtana Gosvâmî's book on the rules and regulations of vaishnava-life.

Haribol: literally: sing the names. Exclamation of joy (see also Jaya).

Haridâsa Thhâkur: a great devotee, by Lord Caitanya recognized as nâmâcârya (teacher of chanting the Holy name).

- He chanted three hundred thousand names of God a day.

Harijan: child of God, name for the classless in India (see paria and candâla).

Harinâm: the congregational chanting of the names out in the streets. Sometimes with a mûrti of Lord Krishna as Jagganâtha, the Lord of the Universe: Ratha Yatra (see also sankîrtan).

Hari-nâma-yajña: the congregational chanting of the holy names of the Lord in public; it is the only sacrifice by the Vedas prescribed for this era (see yajña).

Haris'candra: a king of whom there was between Vis'vâmitra and Vasishthha a great quarrel because of which the two for many years were as birds (S.B. 9.7: 7). He became famous (S.B. 9.7: 21) for pretending to sacrifice with Varuna the son Rohita he got on Varuna's blessing, which he replaced with the (worldly life of a) man to appease the sages. After that was he, being cursed with dropsy by Varuna for his trick, freed from it.

- S'rîla S'rîdhara Svâmî briefly gives an account of him as follows: "To pay off his debts to Vis'v âmitra, Haris'candra sold everything he had, including his wife and children. Yet even after attaining the status of a candâla, he did not become discouraged; thus he went to heaven, together with all the inhabitants of Ayodhyâ.

Harivams'a parva: ('dynastic history of the Lord') an appendix to the Mahâbhârata of 16.375 verses, written by Vyâsa deva, describing the life of Krishna; not to confuse with the Harivams'a purâna, a jain-text.

Haryaksha: see Hiranyâksha.

Hastinâpura: city of the Kuru-family (see e.g. S.B. 1.10: 7, 10.49 and 10.68).

- Name of the city founded by king Hastin. It was situated about fifty-seven miles north-east of the modern Delhi on the banks of an old channel of the Ganges, and was the capital of the kings of the Lunar line, as Ayodhyâ was of the Solar dynasty (see vams'a); hence it forms a central scene of action in the Mahâbhârata; here Yudhishthhira was crowned after a triumphal progress through the streets of the city (see also MBh. xii , 1386-1410).

- Other names for this celebrated town are Gajâhvaya, Nâga-sâhvaya, Nâgâhva, Hâctina.

Hatha-yoga (sun-moon): the yoga of the bodily strength (âsana, prânâyâma, see also ashthânga yoga).

Hayagrîva: Lord Krishna's horse-headed incarnation, who returned the stolen Vedas to Brahmâ (see also S.B. 8.24: 8 & 57; 5.18: 1).

Heavenly planets: planets, abodes, worlds of the highest planetary system, the supreme refuge, the world above this world. The inhabitants are higher evolved, live longer and find much more satisfaction in the material than the inhabitants of other planets in the universe do. Souls in goodness go there to enjoy the results of their good works. But there one also finds rebirth and death - the reason why devotees do not particularly feel attracted to residing in the heavenly planets (see also loka).

Hiranyagarbha: ('the gold inside'), name of Brahmâ, the Self-existent one inside the lotus, the one of the golden light, of the golden egg of the universe.

Hiranyakas'ipu ('he who thinks of gold'): the king of the asuras, killed Krishna in His incarnation as Nrisimhadeva. Hiranyakas'ipu's son was the great devotee Prahlâda Mahârâja (see S.B. Canto seven, the first chapters).

- Brother of Hyranyâksha.

Hiranyâksha ('he who lives for gold'): the demoniac son of K as'yapa who was killed by Lord Varâha. Formed together with his demoniac brother Hiranyakas'ipu a couple that once as Jaya and Viyaya guarded the entrance of Vaikunthha but fell down in offense with the Kumâras (see: S.B. Canto 3.16-19).

Hotâ: the priest offering oblations duringasacrifice (see also ritvik).

Hrishîkes'a: name for Krishna as the Master of the Senses.


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S'rîmad Bhâgavatam | Bhagavad Gîtâ | Nederlandse versie


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