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CHAPTER 13, 14, 15, 16, 17,18


Hoofdstuk 13-18:


The individual soul realizes itself the Original Soul through knowledge.


Chapter 13: The Yoga of Discrimination

On the difference between the knower and the known.

(13) I will now explain that which is to be known, knowing which
one tastes the nectar of the beginningless spirit that is subordinate
to Me and is said to be neither the true nor the untrue.


Chapter 14: The Yoga of the Three Modes of Nature

On the inherent qualities of material nature

(3) My channel of birth is the total material existence and of the Supreme
in that I impregnate, creating the conditions of all living entities who find
thereafter their existence, o son of Bharata.

(14) When with the development of the mode of goodness the embodied
one finds dissolution, then one attains to the world of those
who are pure and of great wisdom.


Chapter 15: The Yoga of the Supreme Person

About the realization of the characteristcs, virtue and glory of God


(1) The Supreme Lord said: 'Anyone who knows that the Asvattha
is said to be an imperishable [banyan-]tree that has its roots upwards,
its branches downwards and of which the leaves
are the vedic hymns, knows the Veda's.

(7) The embodied soul in its own local existence is certainly
an eternal part of Me, with the mind as the sixth of the senses
carried in its material position.


Chapter 16: The Yoga of discriminating the qualities
of the enlightened and the unenlightened

About the qualities of the divine and the godless

(6) There are two types of conditioned beings in this world:
the godly and indeed the unenlightened. About the divine
I spoke at length; just hear about the godless from me.


Chapter17: De Yoga of the Threefold Division of Faith

About the nature of each type of food intake, austerity and sacrifice.

(14) In deeds is austerity said to be of respect for the divinity, the twice-born,
the spiritual teacher and the wise in cleanliness, sincerity,
celibacy and nonviolence.



Chapter 18a: The Yoga of liberation through lessening

About renunciation and its threefold nature.


(19) One says that knowledge, action and the doer are
for certain as well of three kinds in terms of the three modes of nature;
hear also how they are all set apart.


Chapter 18b: The Yoga of liberation through lessening

About renunciation (its threefold nature) and
its service with the divisions of society as the ultimate of liberation.

(41) 'O chastiser of the enemy, the activities of the intellectuals
and priests (brahmins), the rulers and the military (ksatriya's),
the traders and farmers (vaisha's) and the servants and laborers
(sûdra's), are divided to their own natures that originate from the material modes.


(74) Sanjaya said: "Thus I have heard this discussion of Vâsudeva
and of the great soul Arjuna, so wonderful, that it makes my hair stand on end.



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