Filognostic* understanding of the Bhagavad Gîtâ of Order
'Oh chastiser of the enemy, the activities of the intellectuals and priests (brahmins), the rulers and the military (kshatriyas), the traders and farmers (vais'yas) and the servants and laborers (s'ûdras), are divided according to their own natures that originate from the material modes.
'O conqueror of your opponents, originating from the natural qualities there are the professional activities divided into the individual natures of the four societal classes of the intellectuals and priests, the rulers and the military, the traders and farmers and the servants and laborers38. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Equable, self-controlled, austere, pure, tolerant, and surely straight and of knowledge, wisdom and belief in God is the activity of a brahmin born from his own nature.
The intellectual actions of wisdom, knowledge and belief in God are of the nature of peace, self-control and austerity, as also of purity, tolerance and honesty. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Valor, vigor, determination, resourcefulness in opposition and not fleeing, generous and taking the lead is the occupation born from the nature of a kshatriya.
The ways of the ruler are characterized by valor, vigor, determination, resourcefulness in conflict situations, steadfastness, generosity and leadership. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Plowing, tending cows and trade is the natural way of a vais'ya while the nature of a s'ûdra's duty consists of being of service.
To the nature of a trader one finds plowing, tending cows and trade as the duty, while the laborer's duty consists of delivering service. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Each fulfilling his own duty does man gain in perfection. Now listen how doing ones own job that maturity is attained.
When each human being answers to his duty, perfection will be the result. Now listen how that perfection can be achieved. (Sanskrit & tradition)
From whom all living entities emanated, by whom all this is pervaded; doing his own duties in respect of Him, a man achieves perfection.
Doing one's job with that39 by which all living entities found their existence and by which all this is pervaded, a human being achives the perfection. (Sanskrit & tradition)
It is better to be unsuccessful with one's own duty than to perform perfect minding another's business as doing work restricted to one's own nature one will never run into offense.
It is better to be imperfect in doing one's own duty40, than to be perfect following an estranged course of action, because one will never be in conflict with oneself when one proceeds according to one's own nature. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Although faults occur working for a result, oh son of Kuntî, one should never give it up as for sure all beginning is with faults the way fire is covered by smoke.
Even though faults are bound to happen when one works for a result, oh son of Kuntî, one should never forsake one's duty, because all one endeavors is no doubt accompanied by error, the way fire is covered by smoke. (Sanskrit & tradition)
With an unobstructed intelligence in all respect in control of oneself and with the longing gone, one attains the perfection of freedom from reactions by the renounced order.
When one has an intelligence which is free from attachments and when one, no longer fostering desires, in every respect is in control of oneself, one attains, by the renounced order, the perfection of freedom from reactions. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Understand from Me how in sum, oh son of Kuntî, achieving mastery, without fail the spiritual is achieved; the stage of knowledge that is transcendental.
Understand from me how, in conclusion, oh son of Prithâ, without fail the spiritual perfection is achieved, the stage of the supreme knowledge of the âtmatattva. (Sanskrit & tradition)
With the intelligence completely cleared, connected in ones determination and also regulating oneself with things as sounds, giving up on the objects of the senses and refraining from passion and a negative attitude; living secluded, eating little, with one's speech, mind and body under control, all day in the beyond of meditation having taken to the shelter of detachment; unidentified with the body, physical power, false pride, lust, anger and material accumulation, one, freed from possessiveness in peace qualifies for spiritual realization.
With one's intelligence fully straightened out, being connected in one's determination and also of regulation with things as sounds; having given up on the objects of the senses, having refrained from passion and a negative attitude; living secluded, eating little, and having one's speech, mind and body under control; having taken to the shelter of detachment, all day residing in the beyond of meditation, and not being of false ego, physical power, false pride, lust, anger and material accumulation, one qualifies, freed from possessiveness living the peace, for spiritual realization. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Existing spiritually the soul is pleased, one never laments or desires and is one equal to all living beings; one gains the transcendental of My devotional service.
One attains my transcendental, devotional service when one, existing spiritually, is pleasing the soul and, never lamenting or desiring, is of an equal mind for all living beings. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Through devotion one can know Me as I really am; knowing Me thus in truth he thereafter reaches.
I am known in devotional service, for that is what I am in reality; as soon as one knows me that way, one has accessed me. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Despite of always performing all kinds of activities, one does, by the mercy of My protection achieve the imperishable eternal abode.
By whatever one, to the mercy of my protection, is all engaged in, one achieves the imperishable, eternal abode. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Just become aware of Me all day by consciously giving up all kinds of activities under My lead, taking to the shelter of the intelligence of yogic union.
Take care to be aware of me all day by giving up all possible profit motives consciously - that is to say, to my lead taking to the shelter of an in yoga unified intelligence. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Being conscious of Me you will overcome all impediments by My mercy but if, identifying with the body, you do not listen, you will be lost.
Conscious of me you will by my mercy overcome all impediments, but if you, on the other hand, on an ego trip, fail to answer to this, you will be lost. (Sanskrit & tradition)
If, taking to false ego, you think not to fight, then your resolve is all wrong; from your material position you will have to engage.
If you, as an escapist, try to hide in egoism and refuse engage in the fight, your resolve is all wrong; according to your position in the material world, you have no choice factually. (Sanskrit & tradition)
From your own point of view, oh son of Kuntî, caught in your own actions, you prefer not to engage in that which from illusion you will even do involuntarily.
Bound to your own activities according to the birth you took, you, in illusion, prefer not to engage in that, oh son of Prithâ, in which you even involuntarily will engage. (Sanskrit & tradition)
The Supreme Master resides in the heart of all living entities, oh Arjuna, directing each creature subjected to the mechanical of time and matter.
Arjuna, God resides in the heart of all living entities, where He gives directions to each creature subjected to the mechanical of the outer illusion. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Be sure to surrender in all respects unto Him, oh son of Bharata; by His grace you will obtain the transcendental abode of eternal peace.
Surrender yourself to Him in every respect, oh descendant of Bharata, by His grace you'll reach the supreme abode of eternal peace. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Thus the greater secret of confidential knowledge has been explained by Me; in full consideration of this, do that what you wish to do.
Thus far my explanations about the greater secret of confidential knowledge; now think carefully about this and then do that what you wish to do. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Hear once again from Me about this most confidential of supreme instruction; you are very dear to Me and therefore I speak it to your benefit.
It is because you're so dear to me that I, for your own good, restate this most confidential part of all my supreme instruction: (Sanskrit & tradition)
Thinking of Me becoming My devotee, offering your obeisances unto Me becomoing My worshipper, for sure you will come to Me in truth - this I promise you as you are dear to Me.
Think of me, become my devotee, be my worshipper, prove me your respects, and I promise you, since you're dear to me, that you'll attain me without fail. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Go, leave the variety of religions behind for surrendering to Me only; I will deliver you from all the consequences of sin, do no t worry!
When you go for me as the only one to surrender to, and abandon all other ways of proceeding righteously, I will deliver you from all the trouble heaping upon you, don't you worry! (Sanskrit & tradition)
This is never to be told by you to someone void of austerity, never at any time to a non-devotee, never to one not willing to listen nor to anyone indignant towards Me.
But never tell this to anyone who is not of penance, who is not a devotee, nor to someone not willing to listen, or to someone who turned against me. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Anyone who explains this most confidential secret of Mine amongst the devotees is doing transcendental devotional service unto Me and will without doubt for sure come to Me.
He who explains this most confidential secret of mine to people of devotion, is unto me engaged in transcendental, devotional service and will no doubt reach me. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Never is there anyone among men more dear to Me than him nor will also on earth another one become more dear to Me than him.
There is no one I like more among men, nor will there on earth become anyone more dear to me than such a one. (Sanskrit & tradition)
He who will study this sacred conversation of ours; by him I will, by the sacrifice of spiritual knowledge, be worshiped. Thus is My view.
By the sacrifice for the sake of knowledge made by the person who studies this sacred conversation of ours, I will be worshiped. That's how I see it. (Sanskrit & tradition)
A man who with faith listens free from envy; also he being liberated, will attain the auspicious of the spheres of the pious.
That human being who with faith, free from envy, listens to it, will, apart from being liberated, attain the auspicious worlds of the pious as well. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Oh son of Prithâ, have you heard all this with a concentrated mind? Has now the delusion brought about by your lack of knowledge been dispelled, oh conqueror of wealth?'
Oh son of aunt Prithâ, could you follow all this I've been telling you? Has the delusion brought about by your lack of knowledge now been dispelled, oh winner of the wealth?' (Sanskrit & tradition)
Arjuna said: 'My being mistaken is overcome, by Your mercy does it all come back to me. With all my doubts removed , oh infallible one, I am ready to put Your words into practice.'
Arjuna said: 'The illusion is dispelled and I regained my memory. Your mercy removed my doubts, oh infallible one, I'm back on my feet now. I'll do what you told me to.' " (Sanskrit & tradition)
Sañjaya said: "Thus I have heard this discussion of Vâsudeva and of the great soul Arjuna, so wonderful, that it makes my hair stand on end.
Sañjaya said: 'This is what I've heard of the wonderful and astounding discussion between the great souls Krishna and Arjuna. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Through the grace of Vyâsadeva I have heard this confidentialilty about the supreme of yoga directly from the personal speaking of the master of yoga Krishna Himself.
Thanks to Vyâsadeva16, could I firsthand from the mouth of Krishna, the master of uniting consciousness in person, hear this secret being spoken concerning the supreme of yoga. (Sanskrit & tradition)
Oh King, over and over remembering this wonderful message so holy of Kes'ava and Arjuna, delights me time and again.
Oh master of politics, repeatedly remembering this beautiful and pious conversation between the man of beauty and Arjuna, fills my heart with joy time and again. (Sanskrit & tradition)
And also each time remembering the most wonderful form of the Lord fills me with great wonder, o King, and makes me rejoice again and again.
And also I am each time I remember that tremendously wonderful form of Kishna, o ruler of man, to my greater joy, again and again struck with wonder. (Sanskrit & tradition)
I am convinced that wherever there is the Lord of Yoga Krishna and the son of Prithâ carrying the bow and arrows, that there opulence, victory, great power and morality are assured."
I am convinced that wherever there is the master of yoga Krishna, and the son of Prithâ with his bow and arrows, that there opulence, victory, great power and morality are assured." (Sanskrit & tradition)
Versions consulted:- A Song of Fortune One - A modern Gîtâ - the modern version of filognosy (also in mp3-audio).
- A Song of Fortune - A Classical Gîtâ - the classical version of filognosy.
- The Bhagavad Gîta-as-it-is by Swami Bhaktivedânta Prabhupâda (PDF-download).
- The Bhagavad Gîtâ-as-it-is: online (version 1.0).
- The Bhagavad Gita As It Is By His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (pdf-download).
- The Bhagavad Gita by the Bhagavad Gita Trust.
- Bhagavad Gita by Sanderson Beck.
- Bhagavad Gita by Ramanad Prasad (American Gita society).
- Srimad Bhagavad-gita - The Hidden Treasure of the Sweet Absolute (from the Vaishnav' S'rî Caitanya Saraswath math).
Sanskrit dictionary: (Monier-Williams' 'Sanskrit-English Dictionary').
The filognostic translations are of the same author.