Direction to the writing and pronunciation of Sanskrit:


Transliteration rules used for this site:

Where originally a -  was used above the a, u en i-letters is now written a ^ . Behind the t and an s with a dot below is placed an h. The s with a ´ above gets an ' besides it.


Vowel: a as in but;  â as in far but held twice as long as a; e as in they; i as in pin; î as in pique but held twice as long as i; o as in go;  u as in push; û as in rule but held twice as long as u.

Consonants: c as tsj; j as dj; y as in yell, consonants followed by an h are to be aspirated (breathed with: b-h, d-h, k-h, p-h); consonants as th en d are pronounced with the tip of the tongue against the palate; s' as in the german word sprechen and sh as in shine; ah with a final h (originally with a dot below) consonant as in aha and with ih like ihi.

Accent: no strong accentuation of syllables or pausing between words in a line, only a flowing of short and long syllables. Long are: â, e, î, o, û, ai, au; or when followed by two or more consonants (thus is Krishna pronounced as Krisjna).

See also a vaishnava version of Pânini's grammar: Harivenu Dâsa - An Introductory Course based on S'rîla Jîva Gosvâmî's Grammar.

Consult also: 'A practical Sanskrit Introductory' by Charles Wikner.

External links:

Discover Sanskrit | Ancient Sanskrit Online | Sanskrit Step-by-step | Articulation |Tutor | Defenition | Devanagari Aphabet | Lesson | Introduction | Documents.

Online dictionaries:

A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout.

Monier Williams Sanskrit, Tamil and Pahlavi Dictionaries

Online Sanskrit Dictionary.

S'rîmad Bhâgavatam Sanskrit-English Dictionary used at this site.




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