rule



 

Canto 4

S'rî Krishna Caitanya

 

Chapter 14: The Story of King Vena

(1) Maitreya said: 'The sages headed by Bhrigu who always aspired the welfare of all the people, understood that the citizens with the king being absent were doomed to live on the level of animals. (2) The men of wisdom called for the mother of Vena Sunîthâ and then enthroned him [Vena] as the master over the world, even though the ministers didn't agree. (3) Hearing that King Vena had ascended the throne the thieves, knowing that he was a most severe punisher, hid themselves immediately like rats afraid of a snake. (4) King Vena having ascended the royal seat was very proud of the eight kind of opulences [bhaga, see 3.24: 32] and considered himself to be the greatest. Impudently he began to insult the great personalities. (5) Thus blinded by power he, as proud as an uncontrolled elephant, mounted a chariot and traveled around creating fear in heaven and on earth. (6) Not permitting the performance of any sacrifice, that charities were given or that any butter was offered in the fire oh twice-born one, he thus beating his kettledrums everywhere put an end to all religious rituals. (7) When the sages who always had performed the sacrifices saw what the great rogue Vena did, they considered it a threat to the common people and out of compassion talked about it. (8) 'Like a log burning from both sides, the common people alas from both the sides of the king and the thieves and rogues are in great danger. (9) Because we were afraid to be without a king Vena has been crowned although he was not qualified and now there is also the threat of danger from his side. How can the living beings be happy now? (10) Vena, born from the womb of Sunîthâ, has grown into a mischievous character, just like a snake that maintained with milk even attacks the one who feeds him. (11) With him appointed king there is no doubt that he desires to harm the citizens, but in order not to suffer the consequences of his sins we nevertheless should try to pacify him. (12) Knowing Vena's unrighteousness we nevertheless have made him king. If he's not amenable to our pacifying words, he for his evildoing will burn by public condemnation just as we will burn him by our prowess.' (13) Thus having decided the sages approached Vena concealing their anger. Pacifying him with kind words they spoke to him. 

(14) The sages said: 'Oh best of the royals! Please try to understand that what we are about to tell you oh King, and which will increase your lifespan, strength and good repute oh best one. (15) To those persons who free from attachment in their words, mind, body and intelligence acted according to the religious principles, the worlds will be given that are free from misery; they will find liberation and lasting happiness. (16) May you not lose that spiritual life oh hero of the people, the king who misses that which is the cause of prosperity will lose his sway. (17) Oh King, the royal rule protecting the people against mischievous officials, thieves and rogues may for that reason collect taxes and enjoy this world as well as the next. (18) It is in those kingdoms in whose cities the Supreme Lord, the enjoyer of all sacrifices, is worshiped, that the people following the varnâs'rama system [of vocations and age groups] will act according to their nature. (19) The Fortunate One, the original cause of the cosmic manifestation, will be pleased with that king oh noble one, who in his position of power is of the Soul that keeps the entire universe together. (20) With Him, the Controller of the Controllers, being satisfied, one can achieve the impossible and therefore the people are everywhere with their preferred lead [their gods, kings and idols] by all means with the greatest pleasure all performing sacrifices for Him. (21) It is He who with all the deities that are worshiped is the recipient. He is the sum total of the Vedas, the owner of all means of worship and the goal of all austerity. Therefore oh King, you should to your greater honor and self-interest direct your countrymen to perform worship by means of the different kinds of sacrifices. (22) When the brahmins in the kingdom are of devotional service, all the enlightened ones that are part of the Lord, are properly respected and will, most satisfied, grant the desired result. Oh hero, you should not fail to respect them.'

(23) Vena replied: 'Oh how childish you all are in taking irreligious principles for religious ones. In fact you forsake the father who feeds you being unfaithful with another love. (24) They who ignorantly of disrespect don't realize that the Lord is there in the form of the king, can't find happiness in this world nor after they died! (25) What now is the name of that enjoyer of sacrifice unto whom you direct your great devotion? Like with a bad woman relating to her paramour you fall short in affection for [your king,] the husband! (26-27) The creator, the maintainer, the destroyer, the king of heaven, the god of the wind and the god of death; the god of the sun, the god of the rains, the god of the treasury and the god of the moon; the god of the earth, the god of the fire and the god of the waters; all these and also other powers capable of blessing and cursing abide in the body of the king, the king comprises all the gods. (28) For that reason oh learned ones, you should worship me in your rituals and not be envious. Use those means for my sake, there is no one else to worship as the prime enjoyer of what is offered.'

Good and Evil

(29) Maitreya said: 'With all respects offered not acceding to the request of the sages, the one whose intelligence was perverted and who most sinfully had strayed from the path, was thus bereft of all good fortune. (30) All the brahmins felt insulted by him who thought himself to be so very learned. Frustrated in their polite request oh Vidura, they became very angry with him: (31) 'Put him to death, to death, this king, this sinner, this dreadful nature who very soon will turn the whole world into a heap of ash if we let him live. (32) This man full of impiety, doesn't deserve the exalted throne as the god of man. He shamelessly insults Lord Vishnu, the master of all sacrifices! (33) Who else but that miserable Vena would be such a blasphemer of Him by whose mercy all opulence is received?' (34) Thus decided to put him to death they showed their anger and by the sound of their reproach [saying 'Hum'] ended the life of Vena, [the king] who was dead in his blasphemy against the Infallible One. (35) After the sages had returned to their hermitages Sunîthâ in her lamentation preserved the body of her son by means of chanting mantras.

(36) Once, when the sages were bathing in the waters of the Sarasvatî and offering oblations in the fire, they sitting on the bank of the river began to discuss the question of truth. (37) They then told each other that they had noticed that disturbances were developing that created fear among the people; wouldn't the citizens without a ruler suffer the misfortune of having a world full of thieves and rogues? (38) Evidently, as the wise were considering this, wherever one looked dust clouding the sky could be seen caused by the running of plundering criminals. (39-40) They then realized their fault: the disturbance of the common people whose riches were plundered, was due to the death of him who was their protector. With the state full of thieves and murderers and bereft of a king, they despite being aware of all the evil that took place, couldn't manage to subdue the rogues. (41) An equipoised and peaceful brahmin who grossly neglects the ones afflicted is sure to lose the spirit, just like losing water from a broken pot. (42) The family line of the saintly King Anga should not be broken, for the semen of the kings of this family was so productive that they enjoyed the shelter of Kes'ava [He with the beautiful curls]. (43) Thus the wise men decided to churn the thighs of the dead king with great force. Thereupon a person named Bâhuka [the dwarf] was born. (44) He was as black as a crow, very short in every way with very short legs and arms, had big jaws, a flat nose, reddish eyes and copper-red hair. (45) Having appeared he meekly bowed before the sages inquiring: 'What can I do for you?' 'Please sit down' they replied and thus, oh best one, he became thereafter known as Nishâda. (46) His descendants were thereupon called the Naishâdas. They inhabited the hills and forests because they, being born from Vena and with Nishâda taking the burden of all the sins, were feared.'

     

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Third revised edition, loaded January 25, 2011.

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

Maitreya said: 'The sages headed by Bhrigu who always aspired the welfare of all the people, understood that the citizens with the king being absent were doomed to live on the level of animals.
Maitreya said: 'The sages headed by Bhrigu, always aspiring the welfare of all the people, having understood of the citizens that the king was absent, also knew that they were then sure to live on the level of animâls. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

The men of wisdom, calling for the mother of Vena, Sunîthâ, enthroned him [Vena] as the master over the world, even though the ministers didn't agree.

Vena's mother mentioning the name of Vena had him by the sages enthroned as the master of the world, but the ministers did not agree with this. (Vedabase)

  

Text 3

Hearing that King Vena had ascended the throne the thieves, knowing that he was a most severe punisher, hid themselves immediately like rats afraid of a snake.

Hearing that King Vena had ascended the throne did the thieves, knowing that he was a most severe punisher, hide themselves immediately, like rats afraid of a snake. (Vedabase)

  

Text 4

King Vena having ascended the royal seat was very proud of the eight kind of opulences [bhaga, see 3.24: 32] and considered himself to be the greatest. Impudently he began to insult the great personalities.

King Vena having ascended the royal seat was very proud with the eight kind of opulences [as derived from the eight perfections of yoga, the siddhi's] and began, inconsiderate, to insult the great personalities, considering himself to be the greatest. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Thus blinded by power he, as proud as an uncontrolled elephant, mounted a chariot and traveled around creating fear in heaven and on earth.

Thus, blinded by power, he, proud and uncontrolled as an elephant, mounted a chariot and traveled around causing the earth and sky to tremble. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Not permitting the performance of any sacrifice, that charities were given or that any butter was offered in the fire oh twice-born one, he thus beating his kettledrums everywhere put an end to all religious rituals.

Not permitting any sacrifices to be performed, charities to be given or any butter to be offered in the fire, o twice-borne one, he thus stopped, by beating the kettledrums everywhere, all the rituals of religion. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

When the sages who always had performed the sacrifices saw what the great rogue Vena did, they considered it a threat to the common people and out of compassion talked about it.

All the sages, after observing the activities of the great rogue that Vena was, considered it dangerous to the people in general and out of compassion came to speak about it as they had always been the performers of the sacrifices: (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

'Like a log burning from both sides, the common people alas from both the sides of the king and the thieves and rogues are in great danger.

'Like a log burning from both sides, are the common people alas from both the sides of the king and the thieves and rogues in great danger. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Because we were afraid to be without a king Vena has been crowned although he was not qualified and now there is also the threat of danger from his side. How can the living beings be happy now?

Out of fear of being without a king has Vena, although not qualified for it, been crowned and now there is from him as well the danger; how can the people in general then be happy? (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

Vena, born from the womb of Sunîthâ, has grown into a mischievous character, just like a snake that maintained with milk even attacks the one who feeds him.

Like a snake that is maintained with milk even goes against the interest of its maintainer, has Vena, born from the womb of Sunitha, certainly grown into a mischievous nature. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

With him appointed king there is no doubt that he desires to harm the citizens, but in order not to suffer the consequences of his sins we nevertheless should try to pacify him.

Appointed the King there is no doubt that he desires to harm the citizens, but nevertheless we should try to pacify him, not to have the consequences of his sins touch us. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

Knowing Vena's unrighteousness we nevertheless have made him king. If he's not amenable to our pacifying words, he for his evildoing will burn by public condemnation just as we will burn him by our prowess.'

In spite of being aware of that impiety of Vena - we have made him King; if he is not receptive to the pacification of our words, will he, for his unrighteous doings, by the public be condemned to burn and will we fry him to our own ability.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

Thus having decided the sages approached Vena concealing their anger. Pacifying him with kind words they spoke to him.

Thus having decided approached the sages Vena concealing their anger and spoke to him in sweet words, after they had put him at ease. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

The sages said: 'Oh best of the royals! Please try to understand that what we are about to tell you oh King, and which will increase your lifespan, strength and good repute oh best one.

The sages said: 'O best of the royals! Please try to understand that what we are about to tell you, o King and will increase your lifespan, strength and good repute, o best one. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

To those persons who free from attachment in their words, mind, body and intelligence acted according to the religious principles, the worlds will be given that are free from misery; they will find liberation and lasting happiness.

To those persons, free from attachment, who in their words, mind, body and intelligence acted according the religious principles, will be given the worlds free from misery; they will find liberation and lasting happiness. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

May you not lose that spiritual life oh hero of the people, the king who misses that which is the cause of prosperity will lose his sway.

Let that spiritual life not be missed by you, o hero of the people; the king who misses that which is the cause of prosperity, will fall down from his opulence. (Vedabase)


Text 17

Oh King, the royal rule protecting the people against mischievous officials, thieves and rogues may for that reason collect taxes and enjoy this world as well as the next.

O King, the royal rule protecting the people against mischievous officials, thieves and rogues can accordingly collect taxes and enjoy this world as well as the next. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

It is in those kingdoms in whose cities the Supreme Lord, the enjoyer of all sacrifices, is worshiped, that the people following the varnâs'rama system [of vocations and age groups] will act according to their nature.

It is in those kingdoms in whose cities for sure the Supreme Lord, the enjoyer of all sacrifices, is worshiped, that the people will act according their own occupation in pursuance of the varna-ashrama system [of vocations and age-groups]. (Vedabase)
 
Text 19

The Fortunate One, the original cause of the cosmic manifestation, will be pleased with that king oh noble one, who in his position of power is of the Soul that keeps the entire universe together.

The king, o noble one, who is with the Supreme Lord, the original cause of the cosmic manifestation, will find satisfaction, as he, in his position as a ruler, is situated as the soul that keeps the whole world together. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

With Him, the Controller of the Controllers, being satisfied, one can achieve the impossible and therefore the people are everywhere with their preferred lead [their gods, kings and idols] by all means with the greatest pleasure all performing sacrifices for Him.

With Him, the Controller of the Controllers, satisfied, one can achieve the impossible; for this reason are the people everywhere with their preferred deities by all means with great pleasure all making offerings unto Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

It is He who with all the deities in worship is the recipient. He is the sum total of the Vedas, the owner of all means of worship, the goal of all austerity; therefore should you, oh King, to the greater honor of you yourself, direct your countrymen to perform worship by means of the various sacrifices.

It is He who with all the deities in worship is the recipient. He is the sum total of the Vedas, the owner of all means of worship, the goal of all austerity; therefore you should, o King, to the greater honor of you yourself, direct your countrymen to perform worship by means of the various sacrifices. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

When the brahmins in the kingdom are of devotional service, all the enlightened ones that are part of the Lord, are properly respected and will, most satisfied, grant the desired result. Oh hero, you should not fail to respect them.'

When the brahmins in the kingdom engage in worship, are all the enlightened ones that are part of the Lord, properly respected and will they, very satisfied, grant the desired result; o Hero, you should not disrespect them.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

Vena replied: 'Oh how childish you all are in taking irreligious principles for religious ones. In fact you forsake the father who feeds you being unfaithful with another love.

Vena replied: 'Oh how childish are all of you indeed, holding irreligious principles for religious ones; you are all in fact forsaking the father in worship of an obsolete one. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

They who ignorantly of disrespect don't realize that the Lord is there in the form of the king, can't find happiness in this world nor after they died!

Those who are of disrespect are not aware that the Lord is there in the form of the king; they can't experience happiness, nor in this world nor after death! (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

What now is the name of that enjoyer of sacrifice unto whom you direct your great devotion? Like with a bad woman relating to her paramour you fall short in affection for [your king,] the husband!

What is the name of that enjoyer of sacrifice unto whom you direct your devotion so great? Like with an unchaste woman to her paramour you fall short in affection for the husband! (Vedabase)

 

Text 26-27

The creator, the maintainer, the destroyer, the king of heaven, the god of the wind and the god of death; the god of the sun, the god of the rains, the god of the treasury and the god of the moon; the god of the earth, the god of the fire and the god of the waters; all these and also other powers capable of blessing and cursing abide in the body of the king, the king comprises all the gods.

The Creator, the Maintainer, the Destroyer, the King of Heaven, the God of the Wind and the God of Death; the God of the Sun, the Rains, the Treasury and the Moon; the God of the Earth, the Fire and the Waters; all these and other powers as well who are capable of blessing and cursing, abide in the body of the king; the king comprises all the gods. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

For that reason oh learned ones, you should worship me in your rituals and not be envious. Use those means for my sake, there is no one else to worship as the prime enjoyer of what is offered.'

For this reason o learned ones, you should worship me in your rituals and not be envious; use those means for my sake, there is no one else to be the prime enjoyer of what is offered.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

Maitreya said: 'With all respects offered not acceding to the request of the sages, the one whose intelligence was perverted and who most sinfully had strayed from the path, was thus bereft of all good fortune.

Maitreya said: 'Thus deviated the most sinful one, developing a perverse intelligence, from the right path; being offered all respect with their request, he could not accept and became bereft of all good fortune. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

All the brahmins felt insulted by him who thought himself to be so very learned. Frustrated in their polite request oh Vidura, they became very angry with him:

Thus were all the brahmins insulted by him, who thought himself to be very learned; being broken in their polite request, o Vidura, they became very angry with him: (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

'Put him to death, to death, this king, this sinner, this dreadful nature who very soon will turn the whole world into a heap of ash if we let him live.

'To death, to death, this king, this sinner, this dreadful nature who certainly will soon turn the whole world into ashes if we let him live. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

This man full of impiety, doesn't deserve the exalted throne as the god of man. He shamelessly insults Lord Vishnu, the master of all sacrifices!

This man, full of impiety, never deserves the exalted throne to be the God of Man; he shamelessly insults Lord Vishnu, the master of all sacrifices! (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

Who else but that miserable Vena would be such a blasphemer of Him by whose mercy all opulence is received?'

Who indeed, but Vena alone, born under such a bad constellation, would like this blaspheme Him, by whose mercy all opulence is received.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

Thus decided to put him to death they showed their anger and by the sound of their reproach [saying 'Hum'] ended the life of Vena, [the king] who was dead in his blasphemy against the Infallible One.

Thus decided to put him to death they, by the manifestation of their anger, with their angry tone alone, helped Vena, dead in his blasphemy against the Infallible One, out of the world. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

After the sages had returned to their hermitages Sunîthâ in her lamentation preserved the body of her son by means of chanting mantras.

After the sages had returned to their own hermitages, preserved Sunitha, in her lamentation, the body of her son by means of chanting mantras. (Vedabase)

 

Text 36

Once, when the sages were bathing in the waters of the Sarasvatî and offering oblations in the fire, they sitting on the bank of the river began to discuss the question of truth.

Once, when the sages were bathing in the waters of the Sarasvatî, offering oblations in the fire, they began, sitting at the side of the river, to discuss the matters of truth. (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

They then told each other that they had noticed that disturbances were developing that created fear among the people; wouldn't the citizens without a ruler suffer the misfortune of having a world full of thieves and rogues?

They told one another that they at that time had observed that disturbances were developing that roused fear among the people; wouldn't they, without a ruler, suffer the misfortune of having a world full of thieves and rogues? (Vedabase)

 

Text 38

Evidently, as the wise were considering this, wherever one looked dust clouding the sky could be seen caused by the running of plundering criminals.

Evidently, as the wise were considering this, could everywhere one looked, dust clouding the sky be seen caused by the running of criminals engaged in plundering. (Vedabase)

 

Text 39-40

They then realized their fault: the disturbance of the common people whose riches were plundered, was due to the death of him who was their protector. With the state full of thieves and murderers and bereft of a king, they despite being aware of all the evil that took place, couldn't manage to subdue the rogues.

They then understood that the disturbance with the people in general who had their riches plundered, was due to the death of he who was their protector; with the state full of thieves they also tried to put one another to an end and bereft of a king they, despite seeing the fault of that, couldn't manage to subdue the thieving pack. (Vedabase)

  

Text 41

An equipoised and peaceful brahmin who grossly neglects the ones afflicted is sure to lose the spirit, just like losing water from a broken pot.

A brahmin equipoised and peaceful, grossly neglecting the poor, is sure to see his spirit coming down, just like water will from a broken pot. (Vedabase)

 

Text 42

The family line of the saintly King Anga should not be broken, for the semen of the kings of this family was so productive that they enjoyed the shelter of Kes'ava [He with the beautiful curls].

The family line of the saintly King Anga should not be stopped; without sin had their semen the potency because of which the kings of this family would be under the shelter of Keshava [he with the beautiful curls]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 43

Thus the wise men decided to churn the thighs of the dead king with great force. Thereupon a person named Bâhuka [the dwarf] was born.

Thus the wise men decided to churn by their special power the legs of the dead king, whereupon a person named Bâhuka [the dwarf] was born. (Vedabase)

 

Text 44

He was as black as a crow, very short in every way with very short legs and arms, had big jaws, a flat nose, reddish eyes and copper-red hair.

He was black as a crow, was very short in every way with very short legs and arms, had big jaws, a flat nose, reddish eyes and copperlike hair. (Vedabase)

 

Text 45

Having appeared he meekly bowed before the sages inquiring: 'What can I do for you?' 'Please sit down' they replied and thus, oh best one, he became thereafter known as Nishâda.

Meek he then bowed before the sages inquiring: 'What can I do for you?'. 'Just sit down here' they replied, and thus, o best one, he became thereafter known as Nisâda. (Vedabase)

 

Text 46

His descendants were thereupon called the Naishâdas. They inhabited the hills and forests because they, being born from Vena and with Nishâda taking the burden of all the sins, were feared.'

His descendants were then called the Naisâda's, they inhabited the hills and forests, because, being born from Vena with Nisâda taking all the sins upon himself, they were feared. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The picture is titled:  'Good and Evil'
and was painted by William Blake. Source;
William Blake Archive.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.


  

 

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