Gâdhi: a king who came as the son of Kus'âmbu. Of Gâdhi there was the daughter Satyavatî who by the brahmin Ricîka was requested to be his wife, but not considering him fit replied King Gâdhi that son of Bhrigu: 'Please deliver me as a dowry to this daughter of the Kus'a-dynasty we belong to, one thousand horses as brilliant as the light of the moon with each one black ear... (see further S.B. 9.15: 4).
Gâna: singing, song.
Gândhârî: the loyal wife of king D h r i t a r â s h t h r a and the mother of a hundred sons. Blindfolded herself out of compassion with her blind husband (see S.B. 1.13).
Gândîva: name of the bow of A r j u n a, the great bowman.
Gâyatrî: m a n t r a restoring the relationship with God and Lordship. By the V a i s h n a v a's for the sake of initiation kept secret, but in m â y â v â d a_b h a k t i and to the common Hindu known in the form of: om bhur bhuva svaha, tat savitur varenyâm, bhargo devasya dhimahi, dhyo yonah prachodhayat, which means as much as:
'The original form of the body,
the life-force and the supreme abode;
that source of life most excellent,
that divine luster we meditate -
may this light illumine our intellect.' (listen to this prayer).
- Three-feet metre. The gâyatrî as a four times three-feet metre goes from the beginning with om as:bhur bhuva svaha
tat savitur varenyâm
bhargo devasya dhimahi
dhyo yonah prachodhayat
Gadâdhara: name of the Supreme Lord as the carrier of the club.
Gadâdhara Pandita: P a ñ c a - t a t t v a-incarnation of S' r î m a t e R â d h â r â n î; most intimate associate of Lord C a i t a n y a. Teacher of Mâdhava Upadhyâya. S a n n y â s î.
Gadâgraja: K r i s h n a as the elder brother of Gada (see S.B. 9.24: 46).
Gajendra: the elephant, figuring for the attachment to family matters, that was captured by a crocodile as a representative of the grip of m â y â. The prayers of Gajendra model the prayer of the attached person in times of trouble (S.B. 8.2 &3).
Gana: (flock, troop, multitude, number, tribe, series), class of living beings, one usually speaks of the animate and inanimate beings, the moving and the not moving, the fauna and the flora (zee also V a s u s).
- Attendant of lord S' i v a.
- A company, any assemblage or association of men formed for the attainment of the same aims.
- A sect.
- A small body of troops or 27 chariots and as many elephants, 81 horses, and 135 foot soldiers or 3 gulmas (see also a k s h a u h i n î).
- A series or group of asterisms or lunar mansions classed under three heads: that of the gods, that of the men, and that of the R â k s h a s a s.
Gandharvas: the supreme heavenly singers (sometimes chastised for being demoniac in their propensity for gambling, see S.B.: 9.7: 3) (see u p a d e v a, a p s a r a and T u m b u r u).
Ganesha: the demigod with the elephant-head in charge of material opulence and freedom from misfortune. Plays no part in the Bhâgavatam and belongs as the son of Lord S' i v a to that culture.
Ganges: the holy river flowing from the lotusfeet of V i s h n u through the entire universe. It is recommended to take a bath in the river Ganges for atonement and purification (see also S.B. 5-17).
Garbâdhna samskâra: purification ritual for procreation; with the v a i s h n a v a s: extra rounds of j a p a (50).
- First purification rite (s a m s k â r a) of ten which determines all life of the vedic person. It serves to get someone born in the spiritual sphere.
Garbhodakas'âyî Vishnu: second p u r u s h a - a v a t â r a; the form in which K â r a n o d a k a s' â y î V i s h n u enters each universe to generate all the diversity.
Garuda: a gigantic eagle carrying Lord V i s h n u everywhere.
- Symbolizes the authority of the Scriptural Truth, as such also called Stotra. 'On the wings of the hymns' (S.B. 3.21: 34).
- Also called the son of Târkshya or K a s' y a p a: see (S.B. 6.6: 21-22).
Gaudya-vaishnava: another name for C a i t a n y a- v a i s h n a v a s to the region of its origin.
- Devotees of Lord K r i s h n a in disciplic succession after Lord S' r î C a i t a n y a M a h â p r a b h u (see also s a m p r a d â y a).
Gauracandra (of Gaura - gold and C a n d r a - moon): another name for Lord S' r î C a i t a n y a M a h â p r a b h u.
Gaurakisora dâsa Bâbâjî: the spiritual master of S' r î l a B h a k t i s i d d h â n t a S a r a s v a t î T h h â k u r a (see also p a r a m p a r â - m e t h o d).
Gauranga: name of Lord C a i t a n y a relating to His 'golden' color ('gaur').
Gaurasundara: ('the golden beauty') another name for Lord S' r î C a i t a n y a M a h â p r a b h u.
Gautama: one of the seven sages of this m a n v a n t a r a (see r i s h i and S.B. 8.13: 5).
- Name relating to Gotama, the founder of the N y â y a philosophy.
- Name mentioned in the Bhâgavatam in different enumerations of sages (see e.g. S.B. 1.19: 9-10, 6.15: 12-15 en 9.4: 22).
- Mentioned as being wed into the Mudgala-branch of the offspring of P û r u (in which also is found K u r u, the ancestor of the P â n d a v a s) with Ahalyâ from whom S'atânanda was begotten (S.B. 9.21: 34, and see family-tree).
- Name also associated with K r i p â c â r y a.
Ghee: clarified butter. A standard of the vedic kitchen used often for oblations in the fire.
Ghostyânandi: a self-sacrificing, preaching devotee living among devotees.
Giris'a: from giri, mountain; refers to the Lord of the Mountain Kailâsa or S' i v a.
Gîtâ: abbreviation of the term B h a g a v a d G î t â. Also: Gitopanishad (see U p a n i s h a d).
Go-dâsa: servant of the senses. (see also g o - s v â m î).
Gokula: (cow village), also called V r a j a (place for keeping cattle); village where K r i s h n a was taken by His father V a s u d e v a directly after His birth in the prison of the evil-minded uncle K a m s a. Later on moved the entire community fleeing from K a m s a to V r a j a in V r i n d â v a n a (see also S.B. 10.11).
Goloka: name of K r i s h n a's planet, K r i s h n a's abode. K r i s h n a's world.
- Also: Krishnaloka; the world wherein K r i s h n a eternally lives in the company of His pure devotees; it is the most elevated of all material and spiritual worlds.
- His personal residences, D v â r a k â, M a t h u r â and V r i n d â v a n a.
Goodness: one of the three modes of material nature. Under her influence does the one who is involved in it find happiness, purity, self-control, calm, humility and modesty. This mode is controlled by V i s h n u (see (s a t t v a - g u n a).
Gopâla: K r i s h n a as a cowherd, 'the one tending the cows'.
Gopâla Bhatta Gosvâmî: one of the six Vaishnava spiritual masters who directly followed Lord S' r î C a i t a n y a M a h â p r a b h u and systematically presented His teachings (see g o s v â m î).
Gopîs en gopas: cowgirls en -boys; the youthful companions of K r i s h n a during His youth in V r i n d â v a n a, the place where K r i s h n a grew up. In their pure love for Him they embody the supreme of devotion unto the Lord.
Go-svâmî: 'master of the senses'. Title for an â c â r y a.
- Someone in perfect control with his mind and senses, contrary to the g o d â s a, the servant of the senses or the materialistic person (sometimes part of the title of a great sage or an â c â r y a).
- One of the six great wise of V r i n d â v a n a, the intimate disciples of C a i t a n y a M a h â p r a b h u: R û p a G o s v â m î, Sanâtana Gosvâmî, Raghunâtha Bhatta Gosvâmî, Jîva Gosvâmî, Gopâla Bhatta Gosvâmî and Raghunâtha Dâsa Gosvâmî. They elaborated on S'rî C a i t a n y a's teachings in numerous scriptures on the science of devotional service (see also: p a r a m p a r â and picture).
Govinda (friend of the cows, he who pleases the cows): name of K r i s h n a as the source of joy and happiness for the land, the cows and the senses of every living being (also: G o p â l a).
Govinda dâsa Thhâkur: an author of important vaishnava songs.
Grihastha: â s' r a m a of the married.
- Spiritual department relating to the life of a householder living according the scriptures.
- Second order or phase of spiritual life; the period of family and societal life in accord with scriptural precepts and regulations.
- Someone living according the norms for this â s' r a m a.
-'The five daily sacrifices enjoined for a householder are (1) sacrifice to Brahman by studying the Vedas, (2) sacrifice to the forefathers by making offerings to them, (3) sacrifice to all creatures by putting aside a portion of one's meals, (4) sacrifice to human beings by extending hospitality and (5) sacrifice to the demigods by performing fire sacrifices and so on (see also S.B. 7.14).
- As a negative condition of attachment and downfall criticized by K r i s h n a in S.B. 10.60: 52-53.
Grihastha-âs'rama: another name for the department of the g r i h a s t h a, or the householder.
Gudâka (Gudâkes'a): nickname for A r j u n a: he who has overcome sleep.
Guhyaka: guardians of K u v e r a's treasures; term used for followers of S' i v a (see e.g. S.B. 10.10: 6, see also Y a k s h a).
- Name of a class of demi-gods who like the Y a k s h a s are attendants of K u v e r a (the god of wealth) and guardians of his treasures.
Gunas: the modes of material nature: t a m o -, r a j o - and s a t t v a - g u n a: ignorance, passion and goodness; marked by (respectively): matter (slowness), movement and knowledge. Ruled by: (respectively) S' i v a, B r a h m â and V i s h n u (see also a v i d h y a, M â y â and B.G. 18.a).
Guna-avatâras: the three incarnations directing material nature. B r a h m â rules the passion, V i s h n u the goodness and S' i v a the ignorance (see also a v a t â r a, S.B. 10.89: 18 and 12.8: 45).
Guroravajñâ: the offense of mocking the vedic literature and the literatures after it.
Guru: teacher; spiritual master: selfrealized soul capable to lead people on the way of selfrealization and thus to liberate from the cycle of birth and death.
- Spiritual teacher or master also called s w a m î (see g o s v â m î, â c â r y a and m â y â v â d i)
- In two kinds: d î k s h â and s' i s h y a: respectively initiation and instruction gurus.
- In two categories: m â y â v â d a and p a r a m p a r â gurus: respectively preaching not and actual preaching from a disciplic succession or certain tradition. M â y â v â d a tends to me more philosophical, only j ñ â n a, and p a r a m p a r â tends more to priesthood. The latter are also called â c â r y a s, spiritual teachers of example, while the former are more difficult to follow as they are less of equality and modeling in devotion.
- A third duplet is formed by the c a i t t y a - g u r u and the â c â r y a: the gurus inside and outside of oneself (see S.B. 11.29: 6).
Guru-kula: the â s' r a m a, or school of the spiritual teacher, where the head of the family sends his children when they have reached the age of five.
- The community of devotees around a spiritual master.
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