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Canto 9

S'rî Râdhika Stava

        

   

Chapter 13: The Story of Nimi and the Dynasty of his Son Mithila

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'Nimi [see 9.6: 4], the son of Ikshvâku, planned a sacrifice and appointed Vasishthha to be the priest. But he said: 'I am already engaged by Lord Indra oh Mahârâja. (2) When I have finished that sacrifice I will return. Wait till then'. Nimi remained silent and Vasishthha performed the sacrifice for Indra. (3) When the guru did not return for a long time Nimi thought: 'Life is but short' and inaugurated the sacrifice with another self-realized soul as the officiating priest.

(4) Having finished the ceremonies the guru upon his return discovered that  his instructions were ignored and so he pronounced a curse: 'May the embodiment of Nimi who thinks he is such a great pundit, fall down!'

(5) Nimi on his turn cursed the guru who had lost his way with: 'And may your embodiment, that with your greed is so poorly aware of the dharma, fall down too!'

(6) Nimi, fully conversant with the spiritual knowledge as he was, thus had to give up his body. Vasishthha, the great-grandfather [died also but] took with [the seed of] Mitra and Varuna  [again] birth from Urvas'î [the heavenly courtesan, see also 6.18: 5-6]. (7) Preserving Nimi's body in fragrant substances, the great sages in conclusion of the Satra sacrifice [a longstanding Soma sacrifice, see sattra] addressed the gathering of demigods as follows: (8) 'If you are content with us, then please, if you can, make the body of the king come alive!' After  they had responded in confirmation Nimi said: 'Do not bind me to a physical frame! (9) Afraid to be falsely united, sages do not wish to be in touch that way. [Being] absorbed in thoughts about the Lord, they are [to their opinion sufficiently] of devotional service at the lotus feet [see bhajan]. (10) I do not wish to assume a material body that inevitably dies again, for such a body is everywhere - like it is with fish living in the water -  the cause of distress, lamentation and fear [see also 1.13: 47 and B.G. 9: 3].' 

(11) The demigods said: 'Live as you like without a material body and be, with your presence in a spiritual body, in the eyes of the normally embodied human being then manifested or not manifested to your desire.'

(12) Afraid that for the common man this would result in a state of chaos, the great seers churned the deceased body of Nimi and thus a son was born [compare: 4.14: 43 and 4.15: 1]. (13) Because of his uncommon birth he was called Janaka, because he was born from Videha [from Nimi who was without a body] he became known as Vaideha ['free from a body'], because he was born from the churning he was called Mithila and because of this the city he founded was called Mithilâ. (14) From him there was a son named Udâvasu, from him Nandivardhana was born, he had a son named Suketu and Devarâta was his son oh great ruler. (15) Devarâta begot Brihadratha, Mahâvîrya was his son and he fathered Sudhriti who had a son named Dhrishthaketu. He got Haryas'va as his son who was succeeded by Maru. (16) Maru's son was Pratîpaka and Kritaratha was born from him. Devamîdha was his son who had one called Vis'ruta who fathered Mahâdhriti. (17) Kritirâta followed and from him there was  the son Mahâromâ whose son Svarnaromâ begot a son called Hrasvaromâ. (18) S'îradhvaja [also called Janaka] was born from him. He for the performance of sacrifices plowed the earth with the front part of his plow [or s'îra] and thus the daughter Sîtâdevî was born [the wife of Râma, Sîtâ means 'furrow']. That was why he was known as S'îradhvaja. (19) Kus'adhvaja was S'îradhvaja's son and his son was king Dharmadhvaja who had two sons named Kritadhvaja and Mitadhvaja. (20-21) Kritadhvaja had a son named Kes'idhvaja and Mitadhvaja's son was Khândikya oh King. Kritadhvaja's son was an expert in the science of transcendence and Khândikya was an expert in Vedic rituals. Khândikya fled because he feared Kes'idhvaja. From Bhânumân, Kes'idhvaja's son, there was the son S'atadyumna. (22) S'uci was his son and from him the son Sanadvâja was born. Ûrjaketu, his son, fathered Aja who got a son called Purujit. (23) He also had a son, Arishthanemi. From his son S'rutâyu there was Supârs'vaka who fathered Citraratha whose son Kshemâdhi became the king of Mithilâ. (24) His son named Samaratha had one named Satyaratha. He fathered Upaguru who begot Upagupta. Upagupta was a partial expansion of Agni [the god of fire]. (25) His son Vasvananta had a son called Yuyudha. He had a son called Subhâshana and his son was S'ruta. He begot Jaya and Jaya fathered Vijaya. Vijaya's son was Rita. (26) His son was S'unaka, then Vîtahavya was born who had a son called Dhriti. Dhriti begot the son Bahulâs'va and from him there was Kriti who had a son called Mahâvas'î. (27) Oh King, these kings are the descendants of Mithila who by the grace of the Lord of Yoga were all true knowers of the soul. They all found liberation from the worldly duality, even though they stayed at home.'


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Third revised edition, loaded January 24, 2013.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'Nimi [see 9.6: 4], the son of Ikshvâku, planned a sacrifice and appointed Vasishthha to be the priest. But he said: 'I am already engaged by Lord Indra oh Mahârâja. 
S'rî S'uka said: 'Nimi [see 9.6: 4], the son of Ikshvâku, planning for a sacrifice appointed Vasishthha to be the priest who said: 'I have already been engaged by Lord Indra, o Mahârâja. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

When I have finished that sacrifice I will return. Wait till then'. Nimi remained silent and Vasishthha performed the sacrifice for Indra.

Nimi remained silent and [Vasishthha] performed the sacrifice for Indra. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

When the guru did not return for a long time Nimi thought: 'Life is but short' and inaugurated the sacrifice with another self-realized soul as the officiating priest.

With the guru for a long time not returning thought Nimi: 'Life is short' and inaugurated the sacrifice with another self-realized soul as the officiating priest. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Having finished the ceremonies the guru upon his return discovered that  his instructions were ignored and so he pronounced a curse: 'May the embodiment of Nimi who thinks he is such a great pundit, fall down!'

Having ended the ceremonies did the guru upon his return find deviation from the instructions given and so he pronounced a curse: 'May the body of Nimi, who thinks he's so learned, come to a fall!'. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Nimi on his turn cursed the guru who had lost his way with: 'And may your embodiment, that with your greed is so poorly aware of the dharma, fall down too!'

Nimi [on his turn] cursed the guru that tried to thrive in denial of his religious practice back with: 'And may your body, so ignorant of the dharma with your greed, fall down too!'. (Vedabase)

   

Text 6

Nimi, fully conversant with the spiritual knowledge as he was, thus had to give up his body. Vasishthha, the great-grandfather [died also but] took with [the seed of] Mitra and Varuna [again] birth from Urvas'î [the heavenly courtesan, see also 6.18: 5-6].

Thus had Nimi, fully conversant with the spiritual knowledge, to give up his body. Vasishthha, the great-grandfather [died also but] was by Mitra and Varuna born [again] from Urvas'î [the heavenly courtesan, see also 6.18: 5-6]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Preserving Nimi's body in fragrant substances, the great sages in conclusion of the Satra sacrifice [a longstanding Soma sacrifice, see sattra] addressed the gathering of demigods as follows:

Nimi's body was preserved in fragrant substances and at the end of the Sa(t)tra-sacrifice [a long-standing Soma-sacrifice] formulated the assembled ones of God the following: (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

'If you are content with us, then please, if you can, make the body of the king come alive!' After  they had responded in confirmation Nimi said: 'Do not bind me to a physical frame!

'May this body of the potent king cherished by us, come alive!'.

Thus having expressed themselves answered Nimi: 'Do not bind me to a physical frame! (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Afraid to be falsely united, sages do not wish to be in touch that way. [Being] absorbed in thoughts about the Lord, they are [to their opinion sufficiently] of devotional service at the lotus feet [see bhajan].

Shunning to be falsely united do spiritual philosophers [jnânis] neither desire to get into contact that way nor to be of the service of the great saints absorbed in thoughts about the Lord at the lotus feet [see bhajan]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

I do not wish to assume a material body that inevitably dies again, for such a body is everywhere - like it is with fish living in the water -  the cause of distress, lamentation and fear [see also 1.13: 47 and B.G. 9: 3].' 

I do not wish to assume a material body doomed to die, it is for each everywhere, like with fish living in the water, the cause of all distress, lamentation and fear [see also 1.13: 47 and B.G. 9: 3]. ' (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

The demigods said: 'Live as you like without a material body and be, with your presence in a spiritual body, in the eyes of the normally embodied human being then manifested or not manifested to your desire.'

The godly said: 'Live as you like without a body; in the vision of the embodied you may become manifest or unmanifest now we've seen you in your spiritual existence!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

Afraid that for the common man this would result in a state of chaos, the great seers churned the deceased body of Nimi and thus a son was born  [compare: 4.14: 43 and 4.15: 1].

In respect of the common people afraid of anarchy churned the great seers the past body of Nimi and was thus a son born [compare: 4.14: 43 and 4.15:1]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

Because of his uncommon birth he was called Janaka, because of being born from Videha [from Nimi who was without a body] he became known as Vaideha ['free from a body'], because he was born from the churning he was called Mithila and because of this the city he founded was called Mithilâ.

Because of his uncommon birth became he known as Vaideha ['free from a body'] because of being born from Videha [Nimi that was without a body]. He and the city he founded, were also known as Mithila from the being born of the churning. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

From him there was a son named Udâvasu, from him Nandivardhana was born, he had a son named Suketu and Devarâta was his son oh great ruler.

From him there was a son named Udâvasu, the one born from him was Nandivardhana, Suketu followed him and his son had the name Devarâta, o great ruler. (Vedabase)


Text 15

Devarâta begot Brihadratha, Mahâvîrya was his son and he fathered Sudhriti who had a son named Dhrishthaketu. He got Haryas'va as his son who was succeeded by Maru.

From him there was Brihadratha, Mahâvîrya was his and he became the father of Sudhriti who had a son named Dhrishthaketu. He on his turn had Haryas'va after whom there was Maru. (Vedabase)


Text 16

Maru's son was Pratîpaka and Kritaratha was born from him. Devamîdha was his son who had one called Vis'ruta who fathered Mahâdhriti.

Maru's son was Pratîpaka and from him was Kritaratha born. From him came Devamîdha and his son Vis'ruta had one named Mahâdhriti. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

Kritirâta followed and from him there was  the son Mahâromâ whose son Svarnaromâ begot a son called Hrasvaromâ.

Kritirâtha followed and from him there was Mahâromâ as a son whose son Svarnaromâ had a son called Hrasvaromâ to follow in the dynasty. (Vedabase)

  

Text 18

S'îradhvaja [also called Janaka] was born from him. He for the performance of sacrifices plowed the earth with the front part of his plow [or s'îra] and thus the daughter Sîtâdevî was born [the wife of Râma, Sîtâ means 'furrow']. That was why he was known as S'îradhvaja.

From him was S'îradhvaja [King Janaka] born who for the performance of sacrifices plowing the earth from the front of his plow [or s'îra] had Sîtâdevî [the wife of Râma, Sîtâ means 'furrow'] born, for which reason he was celebrated as S'îradhvaja. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

Kus'adhvaja was S'îradhvaja's son and his son was king Dharmadhvaja who had two sons named Kritadhvaja and Mitadhvaja.

Kus'adhvaja was S'îradhvaja's son and his son was king Dharmadhvaja whose two sons were Kritadhvaja and Mitadhvaja. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20-21

Kritadhvaja had a son named Kes'idhvaja and Mitadhvaja's son was Khândikya oh King. Kritadhvaja's son was an expert in the science of transcendence and Khândikya was an expert in Vedic rituals. Khândikya fled because he feared Kes'idhvaja. From Bhânumân, Kes'idhvaja's son, there was the son S'atadyumna. 

Kritadhvaja had Kes'idhvaja and Mitadhvaja's son was Khândikya, o King. Kritadhvaja's son was an expert in the science of transcendence and Khândikya was an expert in vedic rituals. The latter fled because he feared Kes'idhvaja. From Bhânumân, Kes'idhvaja's son, there was the son S'atadyumna. (Vedabase)

  

Text 22

S'uci was his son and from him the son Sanadvâja was born. Ûrjaketu, his son, fathered Aja who got a son called Purujit.

S'uci was his son and of him was the son Sanadvâja born. Ûrjaketu, his son, had Aja who thereafter had Pûrujit as his son. (Vedabase)

  

Text 23

He also had a son, Arishthanemi. From his son S'rutâyu there was Supârs'vaka who fathered Citraratha whose son Kshemâdhi became the king of Mithilâ.

Also he had a son: Arishthanemi, and from his son S'rutâyu was there Supârs'vaka who fathered Citraratha of whom the son Kshemâdhi became the king of Mithilâ. (Vedabase)

    

Text 24

His son named Samaratha had one named Satyaratha. He fathered Upaguru who begot Upagupta. Upagupta was a partial expansion of Agni [the god of fire].

His son named Samaratha had one named Sathyaratha. From him was Upagupta born. Upagupta was a partial expansion of Agni [the god of fire]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

His son Vasvananta had a son called Yuyudha. He had a son called Subhâshana and his son was S'ruta. He begot Jaya and Jaya fathered Vijaya. Vijaya's son was Rita.

Vasvananta [of Upagupta] his son thereafter was known by the name of Yuyudha who had a son called Subhâshana and his son was S'ruta. He had Jaya and Jaya had Vijaya. Vijaya's son was Rita. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

His son was S'unaka, then Vîtahavya was born who had a son called Dhriti. Dhriti begot the son Bahulâs'va and from him there was Kriti who had a son called Mahâvas'î.

Of him was the son S'unaka born, then came Vîtahavya and his son was Dhriti. Dhriti begot the son Bahulâs'va and of him there was Kriti who had a son called Mahâvas'î. (Vedabase)

  

Text 27

Oh King, these kings are the descendants of Mithila who by the grace of the Lord of Yoga were all true knowers of the soul. They all found liberation from the worldly duality, even though they stayed at home.'

These are the descendants of Mithila, o King, who by the grace of the Lord of Yoga were all true knowers of the soul finding liberation from the worldly duality, even though they stayed at home. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The picture is titled: 'The soul Hovering over the Body'. It is of William Blake 1805,
and found in Robert Blair's 'The Grave' as object 9.
Source.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.


 

 

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