rule


 

Canto 4

Mahâmantra 4

 

Chapter 23:  Prithu Mahârâja Returns Back Home

(1-3) Maitreya said: 'King Prithu who fully conversant with everything concerning the soul as the protector of the people endlessly had promoted all that he had created, saw one day that he physically was getting old. Fully in accord with the instructions of the Supreme Ruler he in this world following the dharma of devotees, had provided for the maintenance of all the moving and nonmoving living beings. He left the earth to his sons and with pity towards his aggrieved citizens he alone with his wife went into the forest for his austerity. (4) As perfect as he formerly had been in his understanding when he conquered the earth, he at that place perfectly understood that he according to the rules and regulations of a retired life had to engage seriously in the practice of severe austerities. (5) At first he so now and then ate bulbs, roots, fruits and dry leaves, then he drank only water for several fortnights and finally he only breathed the air. (6) Like the great sages do the hero tolerated during the summer the five fires [of the sun above and four fires in the four directions], in autumn the torrents of rain, in winter to be up to his neck submerged in water while he [all year long] slept on the bare earth. (7) Simply longing for Krishna he tolerated it to be without words, sensuality, the discharge of semen and the freedom of his life breath, and was thus of all possible practices of the best austerity. (8) Unrelenting keeping to the Perfection [of Krishna] he thus gradually got rid of all the dirt and desires of his workload, his karma, while he by means of breath control fully stopping his mind and senses broke with all that bound him. (9) [And so he,] the best of all human beings, with the very yoga the fortunate Sanat-kumâra spoke about concerning the ultimate goal of relating to the soul, worshiped the Supreme Personalty of Godhead. (10) With him as a devotee endeavoring with faith on the path of devotional service unto the Supreme Personality, the Lord who is [the origin of] the Spirit of the Absolute became his exclusive object of worship. (11) He who was perfectly alert in the constant remembrance of a purely transcendental mind found by these devotional activities unto the Supreme Lord the perfection of wisdom. Thus not attached to whatever one could call one's own, he became free from doubt and the material conception of life that covers the soul. (12) Free from desire and firmly convinced of the ultimate goal of the soul, he had given up on all other notions of life and transcendental knowledge, [for he realized that] as long as a practitioner of the yoga system in his renunciation is not attracted to the stories about the elder brother of Gada, Krishna [Gada was another son of Vasudeva younger than Krishna] he will not be free from illusion. (13) He, the best of the heroes fixing his mind upon the Supersoul, in due course of time thus thoroughly spiritually purified gave up his vehicle of time. (14) By blocking his anus with his ankle he pushed up his life air gradually from the navel to the heart and from there upwards to the throat to fix himself [thereafter] between the eyebrows. (15) Thus step by step establishing his life breath in his head, he, freed from all material desires, merged his life breath with the complete of [the cosmic] breath, his body with the complete of the earth and his innerly fire with the fire of the complete [of the universe]. (16) After merging the different apertures of his body with the sky and his fluids with the waters and thus having merged everything with its source, [he next  merged the departments] as they were divided: earth he merged with water, water with fire, fire with air and air with sky [compare 2.5: 25-29]. (17) He united the mind with the senses and the sense organs with their objects and next merged the sense objects with the five elements they had originated from. Then he returned the material ego to the mahat-tattva, the totality of the material energy. (18) On his path towards Him, the reservoir of all qualities, he placed his individuality and the lives belonging to it in the Reservoir of All Potencies and thus he, the living entity and enjoyer, as the master of the senses returned home, back to his constitutional position by dint of his insight in the spiritual knowledge of self-realization and renunciation.

(19) The queen named Arci, his wife, followed him on foot into the forest, even though she, with her delicate body, had not deserved it to contact the earth with her feet in that way. (20) Even though her body would turn lean and thin she, most determined as she was in her vow to serve her husband, saw no difficulty in living in conditions like those of the great saints and engaged with pleasure, happy to be in touch with him. (21) Seeing that the body of her husband who was of such a mercy for the world and for her, showed no signs of life, the virtuous woman after weeping a while cremated him on top of a hill. (22) After performing the funeral rites for her so very liberal husband she took a bath in the river and offered oblations of water in worship of the thirty million demigods in heaven. Three times circumambulating the fire she then, thinking of her husband's feet, entered the fire herself.

(23) The gracious gods and their wives who observed her following her husband into death, offered by the thousands prayers for the chaste wife of the great warrior King Prithu. (24) They on top of Mandara Hill showering flowers and to that occasion vibrating their musical instruments, spoke among themselves as follows. (25) The wives said: 'Oh how glorious this wife is who, just as the Goddess unto the Lord of Sacrifice [Vishnu], with heart and soul was of worship for her husband, the king of all the kings of the world. (26) Just see how she follows her chaste husband, the son of Vena, in his ascension and how she, who is named Arci, thus surpasses us by her difficult to conceive actions. (27) Among all the ones who but for a short moment live here in this human world, for those who on the path of liberation do their best for the Kingdom of God there is nothing too difficult to achieve. (28) He who having achieved the human form of life on the path of liberation gets involved in the great difficulties of all that one does for one's sense gratification in this world, is in going against his own true self no doubt cheated [by illusions].'

(29) Maitreya said: 'While Arci thus by the wives of the denizens of heaven was glorified, she reached the place for which the husband had left. It was the topmost position of the self-realized that the son of Vena under the protection of the Infallible One had attained. (30) I have thus described to you the character of Prithu, the first of the lords who was so high and mighty, as the very best in being endowed with all qualities. (31) Anyone who with faith and great attention reads and explains or hears about that very great and pious person of King Prithu, will attain the same position as he has reached. (32) The brahmin who reads it will attain spiritual splendor, a noble will become the king of the world, the trader will become the master of his trade and the laborer will attain the best unto Him. (33) When someone with great respect three times over listens to this that person, whether he is a man or a woman, when he is childless will have the best of children and when he is penniless will become the richest. (34) Without recognition he will become famous and illiterate he will become learned. This story so auspicious will drive away all bad luck of man. (35) They who desire wealth, a good repute, an increased life span, a better world [heaven], the defeat of the influence of the Age of Quarrel and who are after the higher cause of the perfection of the four [civil virtues] of religion, economy, sensual pleasure and liberation, must  listen with great respect to this narration. (36) The king listening to this who on his chariot campaigns for his victory, will receive taxes from other kings like King Prithu did. (37) When one freed from all other association, is of unalloyed devotional service unto the Supreme Lord, one must hear about, make others listen to and continue to read about the pious character of the son of Vena. (38) Oh son of Vicitravîrya [Vidura], I explained to you how one thus involved in relation to this extraordinary text, may awaken to the greatness for which one should strive. (39) He who liberated in the association concerning the Supreme Lord with great reverence repeatedly listens to this narration about Prithu and also spreads it, will in full realize the attachment to His feet that constitute the boat for [crossing] the ocean of nescience.'


 

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Third revised edition, loaded March 24, 2011.
 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1-3

Maitreya said: 'King Prithu who fully conversant with everything concerning the soul as the protector of the people endlessly had promoted all that he had created, saw one day that he physically was getting old. Fully in accord with the instructions of the Supreme Ruler he in this world following the dharma of devotees, had provided for the maintenance of all the moving and nonmoving living beings. He left the earth to his sons and with pity towards his aggrieved citizens he alone with his wife went into the forest for his austerity.
Maitreya said: 'One day king Prithu, who by his full knowledge, with the soul, as the protector of the people unlimitedly had increased [the general well-being] after his own opulences, saw that he was physically getting old. In coordination with the Supreme Ruler, he had in this world of the moving and nonmoving in full executed His order, giving pensions in observance of the principles of the devotees. He left the earth to his sons and with pity towards the aggrieved citizens, he went alone with his wife into the forest for his austerity. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

As perfect as he formerly had been in his understanding when he conquered the earth, he at that place perfectly understood that he according to the rules and regulations of a retired life had to engage seriously in the practice of severe austerities.

There he perfectly recognized, as much as he did formerly also in conquering the earth, to make a start with the severe austerity of seriously practicing according the rules and regulations of a retired life. (Vedabase)

   

Text 5

At first he so now and then ate bulbs, roots, fruits and dry leaves, then he drank only water for several fortnights and finally he only breathed the air.

At first he ate so now and then bulbs, roots, fruits and leaves at hand, then drank water for several fortnights, after which he only breathed the air. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Like the great sages do the hero tolerated during the summer the five fires [of the sun above and four fires in the four directions], in autumn the torrents of rain, in winter to be up to his neck submerged in water while he [all year long] slept on the bare earth.

Like the great sages took the hero the five austerities of the summerheat [from the sun above and from the fires from four directions], the downpour of rains in the rainy season, to be up to his neck submerged in the water in winter and the sleeping on the bare earth. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Simply longing for Krishna he tolerated it to be without words, sensuality, the discharge of semen and the freedom of his life breath, and was thus of all possible practices of the best austerity.

Tolerating it to control his words and his senses, not to discharge his semen and to check the life-air, he simply desired Lord Krishna, of all practices thus having the best austerity. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

Unrelenting keeping to the Perfection [of Krishna] he thus gradually got rid of all the dirt and desires of his workload, his karma, while he by means of breath control fully stopping his mind and senses broke with all that bound him.

Thus gradually, constantly and by perfection he got rid of all the dirt and desires of his workload, his karma, and by the exercise of his breath fully stopping his mind and senses, he broke with all that bound him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

[And so he,] the best of all human beings, with the very yoga the fortunate Sanat-kumâra spoke about concerning the ultimate goal of relating to the soul, worshiped the Supreme Personalty of Godhead.

To what the fortunate Sanat Kumâra had said about the ultimate goal of yoga of relating to the soul, was he, as the best of all human beings, sure to be of worship for the Supreme Person. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

With him as a devotee endeavoring with faith on the path of devotional service unto the Supreme Personality, the Lord who is [the origin of] the Spirit of the Absolute became his exclusive object of worship.

Endeavoring with faith on the path of devotion of the devotee, he, always in service unto the Supreme Lord, the origin of the Spirit of the Absolute, became firmly fixed without any deviation. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

He who was perfectly alert in the constant remembrance of a purely transcendental mind found by these devotional activities unto the Supreme Lord the perfection of wisdom. Thus not attached to whatever one could call one's own, he became free from doubt and the material conception of life that covers the soul.

By these devotional activities unto the Supreme Lord in the constant remembrance of the mind of pure goodness, he perfectly alert managed the spiritual knowledge and non-attachment to possessing and thus became free from doubt and the being covered of his own soul. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

Free from desire and firmly convinced of the ultimate goal of the soul, he had given up on all other notions of life and transcendental knowledge, [for he realized that] as long as a practitioner of the yoga system in his renunciation is not attracted to the stories about the elder brother of Gada, Krishna [Gada was another son of Vasudeva younger than Krishna] he will not be free from illusion.

Free from all other concepts of life, desireless and firmly convinced about the ultimate goal of the soul, he had given all that up, cutting by means of that knowledge in which for long a practitioner of the yoga-system is not without illusion for the time that he is not of the attraction for the stories about the elder brother of Gada [meaning Krishna, Gada was another son of Vasudeva younger than Krishna]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

He, the best of the heroes fixing his mind upon the Supersoul, in due course of time thus thoroughly spiritually purified gave up his vehicle of time.

Thus as the best of the hero's setting his mind to the Supersoul he, thoroughly spiritually purified, in due course of time gave up his vehicle of time. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

By blocking his anus with his ankle he pushed up his life air gradually from the navel to the heart and from there upwards to the throat to fix himself [thereafter] between the eyebrows.

By blocking his anus with his ankle he pushed up his life air gradually from the navel to the heart and throat upwards to fix himself between the eyebrows. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

Thus step by step establishing his life breath in his head, he, freed from all material desires, merged his life breath with the complete of [the cosmic] breath, his body with the complete of the earth and his innerly fire with the fire of the complete [of the universe].

Thus, freed from all material desires, putting gradually his vitality nowhere else but in the head, he merged his life air in the totality of it, his body in the full of the earth and the fire within himself in that of the complete. (Vedabase)


Text 16

After merging the different apertures of his body with the sky and his fluids with the waters and thus having merged everything with its source, [he next  merged the departments] as they were divided: earth he merged with water, water with fire, fire with air and air with sky [compare 2.5: 25-29].

Merging the different openings of his body with the sky and his fluids with the waters, was thus according to each division, that way the earth with the water, that with the fire, the fire with the air and that air merged with the sky [compare 2-5: 25-29]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

He united the mind with the senses and the sense organs with their objects and next merged the  sense objects with the five elements they had originated from. Then he returned the material ego to the mahat-tattva, the totality of the material energy.

He united the mind with the senses, the sense organs with their objects and from there compacting the objects with the five elements, he took the material ego out into the mahat-tattva, the total material energy. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

On his path towards Him, the reservoir of all qualities, he placed his individuality and the lives belonging to it in the Reservoir of All Potencies and thus he, the living entity and enjoyer, as the master of the senses returned home, back to his constitutional position by dint of his insight in the spiritual knowledge of self-realization and renunciation.

Unto Him, the reservoir of all qualities, he put his individuality and the designations belonging to it in the reservoir of all potencies and thus did he as the prabhu or master, the controller of the senses, the living entity and the enjoyer, return home by the power of his own insight in that spiritual knowledge of selfrealization and renunciation. (Vedabase)
 
Text 19

The queen named Arci, his wife, followed him on foot into the forest, even though she, with her delicate body, had not deserved it to contact the earth with her feet in that way.

The queen named Arci, his wife, who, with her delicate body had not deserved that, yet put the touch of her feet to the earth following him in the forest. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

Even though her body would turn lean and thin she, most determined as she was in her vow to serve her husband, saw no difficulty in living in conditions like those of the great saints and engaged with pleasure, happy to be in touch with him.

Although her body would turn lean and thin saw she, very determined in her vow to serve her husband, no difficulty in living in conditions like those of the great saints and engaged with pleasure happy to be near him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

Seeing that the body of her husband who was of such a mercy for the world and for her, showed no signs of life, the virtuous woman after weeping a while cremated him on top of a hill.

Seeing that the body of her husband, so of mercy for the world and for her, failed in the symptoms of life, did she, the chaste woman, after weeping a little, cremate him on the top of a hill. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

After performing the funeral rites for her so very liberal husband she took a bath in the river and offered oblations of water in worship of the thirty million demigods in heaven. Three times circumambulating the fire she then, thinking of her husband's feet, entered the fire herself.

After performing the funeral rites she took a bath in the river, offering oblations of water in worship of her so liberal husband now in heaven with the thirty million demigods. Three times circ umambulating the fire she then, thinking of the feet of her husband, entered it. (Vedabase)

  

Text 23

The gracious gods and their wives who observed her following her husband into death, offered by the thousands prayers for the chaste wife of the great warrior King Prithu.

Observing this dying after the husband, offered the godly and their wives by the thousands prayers to the chaste wife of the great warrior king Prithu. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

They on top of Mandara Hill showering flowers and to that occasion vibrating their musical instruments, spoke among themselves as follows.

Showering flowers on top of the Mandara Hill they to that, vibrating the drums of devotion, spoke among themselves as follows. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

The wives said: 'Oh how glorious this wife is who, just as the Goddess unto the Lord of Sacrifice [Vishnu], with heart and soul was of worship for her husband, the king of all the kings of the world.

The wives said: 'Alas, what has happened to this most glorious wife, who with all her soul was of worship unto her husband, the king of all kings of the world, alike the Goddess is unto the Lord of Sacrifice [Vishnu]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

Just see how she follows her chaste husband, the son of Vena, in his ascension and how she, who is named Arci, thus surpasses us by her difficult to conceive actions.

Just see how she factually follows the chaste husband, the son of Vena, in this going upward and how thus she, who is named Arci, surpasses us by the greatness of her actions. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

Among all the ones who but for a short moment live here in this human world, for those who on the path of liberation do their best for the Kingdom of God there is nothing too difficult to achieve.

For those on the path of liberation doing their best for the Kingdom of God there is, of all of them who only for a while are living in the human world, nothing too difficult to obtain. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

He who having achieved the human form of life on the path of liberation gets involved in the great difficulties of all that one does for one's sense gratification in this world, is in going against his own true self no doubt cheated [by illusions].'

He, who, by achieving the human form of life, the path of liberation, gets involved with the great difficulties of all action in the matter of sense-gratification in this world, is no doubt cheated in envy with the truth.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

Maitreya said: 'While Arci thus by the wives of the denizens of heaven was glorified, she reached the place for which the husband had left. It was the topmost position of the self-realized that the son of Vena under the protection of the Infallible One had attained.

Maitreya said: 'While the wives of the denizens of heaven were thus in praise, reached the wife the place where the husband had gone to; it was the topmost position of the self-realized that the son of Vena under the protection of the Infallible One had obtained. (Vedabase)

  

Text 30

I have thus described to you the character of Prithu, the first of the lords who was so high and mighty, as the very best in being endowed with all qualities.

Thus of him, Prithu, the best of the lords, who was so high and mighty, I described his character to you as being one of all qualities and the very best. (Vedabase)

  

Text 31

Anyone who with faith and great attention reads and explains or hears about that very great and pious person of King Prithu, will attain the same position as he has reached.

Anyone who with faith and great attention reads and explains or hears about that very great and pious person of King Prithu, attains where he reached. (Vedabase)

  

Text 32

The brahmin who reads it will attain spiritual splendor, a noble will become the king of the world, the trader will become the master of his trade and the laborer will attain the best unto Him.

The brahmin will attain the power of spiritual success, the royal one will be the king of the world, the trader will to the path become the master of the trade and the laborer will develop into a great devotee. (Vedabase)

  

Text 33

When someone with great respect three times over listens to this that person, whether he is a man or a woman, when he is childless will have the best of children and when he is penniless will become the richest.

When a man listens to this with great respect three times over, whether he's a man or a woman, when he is without children he will be surrounded by the best of them and when he is penniless he will be the richest. (Vedabase)

  

Text 34

Without recognition he will become famous and illiterate he will become learned. This story so auspicious will drive away all bad luck of man.

Unrecognized he will become famous, illiterate he will become learned; this story so auspicious will drive away all bad luck of man. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

They who desire wealth, a good repute, an increased life span, a better world [heaven], the defeat of the influence of the Age of Quarrel and who are after the higher cause of the perfection of the four [civil virtues] of religion, economy, sensual pleasure and liberation, must  listen with great respect to this narration.

By those who desire wealth, a good repute, an increased life span, the attainment of heaven, the defeat of the influence of the Age of Quarrel and who are after the higher cause of the complete perfection of the four of religion, the economy, the pleasure of the senses and the liberation, must this narration be heard with great respect. (Vedabase)

 

Text 36

The king listening to this who on his chariot campaigns for his victory, will receive taxes from other kings like King Prithu did.

To that king who, on the chariot starting out for his victory, hears of this, will the other kings render taxes alike one did to king Prithu. (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

When one freed from all other association, is of unalloyed devotional service unto the Supreme Lord, one must hear about, make others listen to and continue to read about the pious character of the son of Vena.

Freed from all material association, carrying out unalloyed devotional service unto the Supreme Lord, one must hear, make others listen to and continue to read about the pious character of the son of Vena. (Vedabase)

 

Text 38

Oh son of Vicitravîrya [Vidura], I explained to you how one thus involved in relation to this extraordinary text, may awaken to the greatness for which one should strive.

O son of Vicitravîrya [Vidura], I explained to what extend of greatness one can awaken and should advance when one, in relation to the extraordinary of this sacred text, does this. (Vedabase)

 

Text 39

He who liberated in the association concerning the Supreme Lord with great reverence repeatedly listens to this narration about Prithu and also spreads it, will in full realize the attachment to His feet that constitute the boat for [crossing] the ocean of nescience.'

He who repeatedly hears this narration about Prithu with great reverence and also recites it liberated in association unto the Supreme Lord - that person will in full realize the attachment to His feet that are the boat for the ocean of nescience. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The picture shows a yogi meditating to leave his body. Artist unknown.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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